Social Impact

Access to electricity, water and sanitation promotes the education of children (the time spent collecting water is often replaced by a greater participation in school), warrants further income for the household (time spent collecting water or lost by lack of electricity can be transferred to income generating activities) and improves the living conditions of inhabitants: they spend less water, so more on food, education, and their homes, etc..

social cost of a family not connected to electricity networks, water and sanitation is very high (health costs due to waterborne diseases, time spent collecting water lost to other activities such as school and work).